Closer Look: The Enterprise Analysis Knowledge Area

Preparing for the IIBA’s CBAP® or CCBA™ certification exam can sure be a lot of work! One recommended thing you should know backwards and forwards before sitting your exam is the six knowledge areas and their associated tasks. Here’s yet another BABOK® Guide knowledge area for you to get familiar with: Enterprise Analysis.

The Enterprise Analysis knowledge area focuses on defining and documenting the business requirements for a project.  The business requirements justify why a particular project should be initiated to address a particular business need. Business requirements provide a much-needed context for detailed requirements activities that take place.  The business analyst takes a close look at the organization’s current capabilities relative to a business need, problem or opportunity. They then define a feasible solution scope and approach for addressing that situation.

The tasks in this business-focused knowledge area generate several key business analysis deliverables. Remember, you are developing many of these deliverables early in the project life cycle during its controlled start. These are the building blocks of your project’s business requirements. They include the:

  • Business need
  • Required capabilities
  • Solution scope
  • Business case

Remember that the business case, solution scope and required capabilities may require changes, updates or be enhanced with additional details as each subsequent phase of the project life cycle is performed.

Tasks from the Enterprise Analysis knowledge area focus on defining the business requirements and justifying delivery of the solution scope for the project.  The business analyst is responsible for developing, defining, and managing the roles and tasks associated with this work.   Tasks performed as part of this knowledge area are governed by the business analysis plan or plans.  The tasks are:

  • Describing and understanding the business need
  • Assessing capability gaps in the organization
  • Determining the most feasible business solution approach
  • Defining the resulting solution scope
  • Developing a business case for the proposed solution.

There are many commonly used enterprise analysis techniques that can be applied for each of these tasks.   A number of them have been addressed in other posts, such as brainstorming, fishbone diagrams, SWOT analysis and document analysis.

Remember to keep an eye on your business requirements across the project life cycle, not just at the very beginning!

Susan Weese

If you are considering sitting the CBAP or CCBA certification exams for business analysts, check out our new study guide that can help you prepare to pass the test, the CBAP / CCBA: Certified Business Analysis Study Guide by Susan Weese and Terri Wagner!  It’s a great place to learn more about each of the 6 knowledge areas and everything else you need to know to successfully pass the certification exam.

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